Australia: Care Policy Evaluation 2020

Australia is a high income country situated in Oceania, and boasts an exemplary score of 0.938 on the Human Development Index (HDI). Notably, our research found that Australian law provided significant protections and benefits for domestic caregivers. Australia provides families with a wide variety of social security benefits to help cover the costs caring for children and family members with disabilities in the long-term. However, while not explicitly excluding domestic workers, Australian labor law shows limited recognition of care-workers, thus leaving many of these workers vulnerable to exploitation.

Therefore, Australia’s policy regime for caregivers and care-workers earned an overall score of 6.72/10 (Maturing) under the Global Care Policy Index (GCPI). The final country report and technical report on Australia can be accessed here.

Colombia: Care Policy Evaluation 2020

The Republic of Colombia is an upper-middle income country in northwestern South America, and is the third most populous country in Latin America. In 2017, Colombia passed the New Maternity Law 1822 that increased the duration of paid maternity leave from 14 to 18 weeks. Impressively, Colombia also covers domestic workers under its Labor Code, thus guaranteeing them similar working and living conditions to other categories of workers. However, Colombia records a high rate of informal employment – more than 57% of Colombia’s employees work without formal contracts, and thus do not come under the protections of most care policies.

Colombia’s policy regime for caregivers and care-workers therefore earned an overall score of 5.65/10 (Maturing) under the Global Care Policy Index (GCPI). The final country report and technical report can be accessed here under Colombia’s country profile.

Australia Country Profile

Australia Country Report and Technical Report. Country score: 6.97. Download country and technical report here.

Report summary: Australia has comprehensive laws and social security mechanisms to protect caregivers and careworkers. Its generous social welfare programs and care infrastructures benefit most paid domestic workers and unpaid family caregivers. However, there is a lack of formal recognition of and public information on paid domestic work. This oversight extends to national regulations on fair employment processes and decent work conditions for domestic workers. As a result, Australia ranks much higher on Sub-Index A than Sub-Index B. With a total of 6.72, Australia is rated as “Maturing” on the Global Care Policy Index.

Colombia Country Profile

Colombia Country and Technical Report. Overall Score: 5.70. Download country and technical reports here.

Colombia’s labor law and social security system offers a robust foundation for comprehensive care protection policies for family caregivers and domestic workers. However, the system does not cover the informal sector, therefore leaving out more than half of the country’s working population from receiving care-related benefits. Colombia’s policy regime for caregivers and careworkers is rated as “Maturing” under the Global Care Policy Index (GCPI).