Report summary: While Cambodia’s labor laws do provide for maternity leave and some related benefits, Cambodia scored poorly for Sub-Index A due to the absence of provisions for paternity leave, dependent care leave and flexible work arrangements. Cambodia’s domestic workers are explicitly excluded from the country’s labor laws but owing to new regulations aimed at protecting some of their working conditions, the country scored better on Sub-Index B. Cambodia is rated as “Emerging,” with a total score of 3.71.
The authors of this report have also published an article in The Southeast Asia Globe here on 3 December 2021, evaluating Cambodia’s domestic work industry and discussing the limitations of existing legislation regulating the sector.
|GDP (USD, billion)||25.29|
|Human Development Index||0.594|
|Women’s Labor Force Participation Rate||49%|
|Percentage of the Informal Economy||NA|
|Old-age Dependency Ratio||7.556%|
|Access to Basic Drinking Water*||75%|
|Access to Electricity*||93%|
|Access to Sanitation Services*||49%|
|Access to Essential Health Services*†||59.6%|
Source: World Bank Open Data, Human Development Index, International Labour Organization 2019, United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
* Household access
†The WHO defines essential health services as “the average [household] coverage of essential services based on tracer interventions that include reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health; infectious diseases; noncommunicable diseases; and service capacity and access; among the general and the most disadvantaged population”
Data correct as of 2020.