Report summary: While Iceland’s maternity and paternity leave policies are some of the most generous in the world – a joint 12-month allocation to both parents, Iceland’s under-performance in Sub-Index A of the GCPI was ultimately due to its limited dependent care leave policies and lack of universal flexible work policies to support workers with family caregiving responsibilities. Iceland performed better in Sub-Index B for its protections for domestic workers, but the reality is that many domestic workers in the country work informally and are not protected by trade unions.
|GDP (USD, billion)||21.71|
|Human Development Index||0.949|
|Women’s Labor Force Participation Rate||47%|
|Percentage of the Informal Economy||4.9%|
|Old-age Dependency Ratio||24.05%|
|Access to Basic Drinking Water*||100%|
|Access to Electricity*||100%|
|Access to Sanitation Services*||98.7%|
|Access to Essential Health Services*†||84%|
Source: World Bank Open Data, Human Development Index, International Labour Organization 2019, United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
* Household access
†The WHO defines essential health services as “the average [household] coverage of essential services based on tracer interventions that include reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health; infectious diseases; noncommunicable diseases; and service capacity and access; among the general and the most disadvantaged population”
Data correct as of 2020.