Report summary: Despite being a developed industrialized country, Japan underperforms when it comes to promoting gender equality. Japan scored a 5.91 out of 10 for the GCPI, placing it in the lower-middle of the Maturing band. Japan’s rapidly changing demographics, specifically its falling birth rate, aging population, decreasing workforce, and declining population, have created an increasing need for eldercare and growing demand for migrant workers to fill strategic gaps in the labor force. In the present day, the vast majority of domestic workers in Japan are live-out migrant workers. Japan performs slightly better in Sub-Index B with a score of 6.24, compared to its performance in Sub-Index A where it receives a score of 5.58.
|GDP (USD, billion)||5,065|
|Human Development Index||0.919|
|Women’s Labor Force Participation Rate||54%|
|Percentage of the Informal Economy||9.6%|
|Old-age Dependency Ratio||48%|
|Access to Basic Drinking Water*||>99%|
|Access to Electricity*||100%|
|Access to Sanitation Services*||>99%|
|Access to Essential Health Services*†||83.1%|
Source: World Bank Open Data 2020, Human Development Index, International Labour Organization 2019, United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
* Household access
†The WHO defines essential health services as “the average [household] coverage of essential services based on tracer interventions that include reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health; infectious diseases; noncommunicable diseases; and service capacity and access; among the general and the most disadvantaged population”
Data correct as of 2022.