Report summary: Malaysia scored poorly on the GCPI, with very limited protections for Family Caregivers as well as Domestic Workers. In particular, Malaysia’s main employment act has poor coverage, lacks paternity and dependent care leave policies, and actively excludes DWs from several sections of the employment act that govern important employment policies such as wages and sick leave. Its overall score of 2.93 (out of 10) puts it in the low end of the Emerging band on the GCPI.
Note: As of December 2021, Category A6 on Family-Friendly Workplace Policies has been retitled as “Mother-Friendly Workplace Policies”.
|GDP (USD, billion)||11,373.23|
|Human Development Index||0.804|
|Women’s Labor Force Participation Rate||53%|
|Percentage of the Informal Economy||NA|
|Old-age Dependency Ratio||9.98%|
|Access to Basic Drinking Water*||96%|
|Access to Electricity*||82%|
|Access to Sanitation Services*||100%|
|Access to Essential Health Services*†||73%|
Source: World Bank Open Data, Human Development Index, International Labour Organization 2019, United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
* Household access
†The WHO defines essential health services as “the average [household] coverage of essential services based on tracer interventions that include reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health; infectious diseases; noncommunicable diseases; and service capacity and access; among the general and the most disadvantaged population”
Data correct as of 2020.