Nigeria Country and Technical Report. Nigeria’s laws offer limited coverage for domestic workers, granting them entitlements to workplace injury benefit and pensions. However, domestic workers remain excluded from a vast majority of labor laws. Nigerian law also fails to offer dependent leave, flexible working arrangements, and adoptive leave to family caregivers across the country. As such, Nigeria is ranked as “Emerging” with a score of 3.16 on the GCPI.
Iceland Country and Technical Report. While Iceland’s maternity and paternity leave policies are some of the most generous in the world – a joint 12-month allocation to both parents, Iceland’s under-performance in Sub-Index A of the GCPI was ultimately due to its limited dependent care leave policies and lack of universal flexible work policies to support workers with family caregiving responsibilities. Iceland performed better in Sub-Index B for its protections for domestic workers, but the reality is that many domestic workers in the country work informally and are not protected by trade unions.
South Africa Country and Technical Report. Download here. South Africa performed well in the GCPI compared to most Upper Middle-Income Countries due to progress on caregiving and domestic labor protections. For Sub-Index A, South Africa had robust parental leave but lacked flexible work arrangements and dependant leave care policies. Critically, South Africa also lacked regulatory and policy architecture to support and protect its growing migrant domestic worker labor force.
GCPI Sri Lanka Country and Technical Report. Sri Lanka’s limited recognition of non-female family caregivers, its lack of state funding of maternity benefits, and exclusion of domestic workers from its labor law coverage contributed to an overall poor score of 3.42. Nevertheless, Sri Lanka sports generous state healthcare services and nursing support for mothers alongside robust protections for forced and underage domestic workers.
Bangladesh country and technical report. Bangladesh scored very poorly in the GCPI, with its overall score of 0.96 placing it in the ‘Weak’ band. A key reason for this poor performance is the extremely limited legal framework to protect caregivers. Domestic work is also considered informal employment in Bangladesh, and as such is not covered by labor laws. They consequently lack any legislation that guarantees their labor rights, or access to fair employment processes, or decent working and living conditions.
Cambodia Country and Technical Report. Download country and technical report here.
Report summary: While Cambodia’s labor laws do provide for maternity leave and some related benefits, Cambodia scored poorly for Sub-Index A due to the absence of provisions for paternity leave, dependent care leave and flexible work arrangements. Cambodia’s domestic workers are explicitly excluded from the country’s labor laws but owing to new regulations aimed at protecting some of their working conditions, the country scored better on Sub-Index B. Cambodia is rated as “Emerging,” with a total score of 3.71.
Hong Kong Country Report and Technical Report. Overall score: 5.28. Download country and technical report here.
Report summary: Despite its advanced economy, Hong Kong’s policies for family caregivers have significant gaps with respect to dependent care leave, flexitime options, and nursing support for new mothers. Hong Kong scored much better for Sub-Index B because, with close to 380,000 migrant domestic workers, the government has been forced to strengthen its protections on this front. Overall, Hong Kong scored 5.28 (out of 10) on the GCPI, locating itself on the low end of the ‘Maturing’ band of the GCPI.
New Zealand Country Report and Technical Report. Overall score: 6.89. Download country and technical report here.
Report summary: New Zealand has done reasonably well in protecting workers in its formal economy. The country has ratified 61 ILO conventions and has 33 currently in force. There is, however, a lack of domestic worker protections in New Zealand. It also lacks flexible work arrangements for employees with care responsibilities. Overall, New Zealand had a score of 7.33 for Sub-Index A, but a lower score of 6.44 for Sub-Index B.
Macau Country and Technical Report. GCPI score: 6.08. Macau’s labor laws offer robust protections for domestic workers, particularly for migrant workers who make up an overwhelming majority of its paid domestic worker force. However, Macau has much room for improvement for its protections for family caregivers, such as in flexible work arrangements and nursing support in the workplace. Consequently, Macau scores higher for Sub-Index B than for Sub-Index A. With a total score of 6.08, Macau is rated as “Maturing” on the Global Care Policy Index.
India Country Report and Technical Report. Overall score: 3.74. Download country and technical report here.
Report summary: India’s recent amendments to its Maternity Benefit Act offers greater protections for pregnant and nursing mothers. However, there remain no protections for working fathers and no dependent care leave provisions outside of the civil service sector. Domestic workers in India are also vulnerable due to the lack of any robust nationwide legislation to guarantee their rights. Due to the lack of comprehensive protections, India scored 3.74 on the Global Care Policy Index and is rated as “Emerging” for its performance.