With a population of 1.37 billion in 2019, India is the second most populous country in the world. India is the largest country in South Asia and is a global economic powerhouse. However, India still faces many social challenges, particularly in supporting paid and unpaid caregivers.

India’s recent amendments to its Maternity Benefits Act offer more support to working women. Further, India’s social security interventions to alleviate food, medical, and financial insecurity significantly support pregnant and lactating women. However, provisions for paternity leave and dependent care leave remain elusive.

Domestic workers enjoy very few protections under Indian legislation – they are excluded from many protections on wages, working hours, and working conditions that other low-wage workers are entitled to. However, India does offer strong protections against forced and under-age labor, improving India’s score in Sub-Index B.

India earned a score of 3.74/10.00 on the Global Care Policy Index, which places India squarely in the “Emerging Protections” index band. You can find India’s final country report and technical report here.

An Indian grandmother holds her newborn grandchild. In India, extended family members often play a vital role in care-giving to children. Photo by Amit Ranjan on Unsplash.