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South Africa: Care Policy Evaluation 2022

South Africa is an upper-middle income country on the tip of the African continent. Despite having a highly developed economy concentrating in providing finance, business, and real estate services, the informal economy still contributes to 27% of South Africa’s GDP. This poses a challenge to the nation when it attempts to pass legislation that protects family caregivers and domestic workers.

Family caregivers are well protected in South Africa. Working women are entitled to 4 months of maternity leave, and extensive nursing and childcare support at the workplace. However, South Africa still stands to improve in the provision of greater flexible working opportunities to family caregivers. South Africa scored 5.93/10.00 for Sub-Index A, positioning it in the “Maturing” index band.

Domestic workers are explicitly covered by labor law in South Africa unless they are independent contractors. As such, domestic workers are protected by legislation that sets minimum working standards and living conditions. Domestic workers are also protected by extensive laws against forced labor. However, South Africa fails to offer migrant domestic workers many legislative protections, which increases the risk of migrant domestic worker exploitation. As such, South Africa scored 6.55/10.00 in Sub-Index A.

Overall, South Africa’s care policies show potential and regard for care-workers. South Africa’s final score on the GCPI is 6.24, ranking it in the “Maturing” index band. To explore South Africa’s care policies in greater detail, you can access South Africa’s country report and technical report here.