Bangladesh: Care Policy Evaluation 2022

The People’s Republic of Bangladesh is a South Asian country with a large and diverse labor force. With rudimentary legal provisions for family caregivers, and a failure to regulate domestic work at all, Bangladesh scores very poorly on the GCPI with a final score of 0.96/10.00.

Bangladesh offers 16 weeks of maternity leave to working women in the formal sector. Besides this however, Bangladeshi law does not offer legislative protections to other family caregivers. Owing to the lack of any paternity leave policies, dependent care policies, and flexible work arrangements, Bangladesh could only score 1.38 out of 10.00 in Sub-Index A.

Bangladeshi law considers domestic work to be informal sector labor, and as such fails to offer domestic workers any protections under traditional labor laws. However, rudimentary protections exist to combat forced and under-age labor, and domestic workers may still be eligible for social security benefits from the government. Overall, Bangladesh scores 0.55 for Sub-Index B.

Bangladesh’s final score of 0.96/10.00 positions the nation in the “Weak” protections band of the GCPI. Significant legislative reform is required to improve Bangladesh’s performance in the protection of family caregivers and domestic workers. You can read more about Bangladesh’s care policies in the country report here.

Bangladesh Country Report

Bangladesh country and technical report. Bangladesh scored very poorly in the GCPI, with its overall score of 0.96 placing it in the ‘Weak’ band. A key reason for this poor performance is the extremely limited legal framework to protect caregivers. Domestic work is also considered informal employment in Bangladesh, and as such is not covered by labor laws. They consequently lack any legislation that guarantees their labor rights, or access to fair employment processes, or decent working and living conditions.