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Taiwan: Care Policy Evaluation 2022

Taiwan is a highly developed East Asian nation, known for being one of the Four Asian Tigers that sported miraculously fast economic growth in the ’60s and ’70s. In Taiwan’s case, care policies have also developed relatively well alongside economic growth, giving Taiwan an overall GCPI score of 5.57/10.00.

In Sub-Index A, Taiwan’s score of 6.14/10.00 reflects a progressive baseline of policies for family caregivers. While most women are entitled to fully paid maternity leave, this leave is much shorter than ILO recommended baselines. However, Taiwan performs particularly well in its provision of dependent care leave.

In Sub-Index B, Taiwan’s score of 4.99/10.00 is dragged down by their labor laws, which generally exclude domestic workers from their ambit. Taiwan is primarily a destination for migrant domestic workers and is still developing unique protections for this vulnerable sector.

You can read more about Taiwan’s care policies here.

Nigeria: Care Policy Evaluation 2022

Nigeria possesses one of the fastest growing economies in the world. However, Nigeria’s care policies remain stagnant. With an overall GCPI score of 3.16/10.00, Nigeria’s score is primarily brought down by a lack of care policy protections for family caregivers.

In Sub-Index A, Nigeria scores 2.18/10.00. This score reflects a lack of paternity leave, dependent care leave, and flexible working policies. Overall, even Nigeria’s maternity leave policies fall short of the ILO recommended guidelines on duration and remuneration.

In Sub-Index B, Nigeria scores slightly better with 4.13/10.00. While domestic workers are excluded from most laws, they are entitled to pensions and workplace injury compensation. However, working and living conditions remain wholly unregulated for domestic workers.

You can read more about Nigeria’s care policies in the Country and Technical reports here.

Sri Lanka: Care Policy Evaluation 2022

Sri Lanka is a South Asian island nation off the coast of India. Relative to her neighbours in South Asia, Sri Lanka sports relatively higher levels of human development. However, Sri Lanka’s labor law is in need of several amendments in order to further protect family caregivers and domestic workers.

Alongside a minimum 12 week maternity leave provision, Sri Lanka also offers male workers in the state sector 3 days of paternity leave. While such provisions are commendable, they still fall short of the ILO recommended durations. Notably, Sri Lanka legislation also offers generous nursing support at the workplace. However, anti-discrimination legislation must be improved to prevent new mothers from being fired or demoted following their uptake of maternity leave. Further, Sri Lankan law fails to recognize that non-female individuals may act as family caregivers too. As such, Sri Lanka scores 3.73/10.00 in Sub-Index A.

Domestic workers are excluded from labor law in Sri Lanka as they are not commonly included in the definitions of “worker” used by the law. As such, Sri Lanka fails to mandate that domestic workers must be employed with contracts, and given safe and healthy working environments. Given numerous omissions in the protections for domestic workers, Sri Lanka scores 3.12/10.00 in Sub-Index B.

Overall, Sri Lanka scores 3.42 out of 10.00 in the GCPI, placing it in the “Emerging” Index band. A deep-dive into the complexity of Sri Lankan labor law with regard to family caregivers and domestic workers can be found here.