Saudi Arabia: Care Policy Evaluation 2022

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is blessed with a strong economy, but suffers from underdeveloped care policies. With an overall GCPI score of only 4.00/10.00, Saudi Arabia’s care policies – particularly those protections for family caregivers – are in need of improvement.

Saudi Arabia scores 2.32/10.00 in Sub-Index A, placing it in the ‘Weak’ Index band. This score reflects a total lack of dependent care and flexible work policies, and very limited protections for pregnant women. Fully paid maternity leave in Saudi Arabia excludes certain categories of women such as part-time workers, and women only receive fully paid maternity leave if they have already worked three or more years for their employer.

Sub-Index B sees Saudi Arabia perform better, with a score of 5.67/10.00. Most domestic workers in Saudi Arabia are migrants, and hotlines exist to provide migrant domestic workers with special assistance. However, domestic workers are barred from trade union activity, and have no minimum wage. There is minimal regulation of the living and working conditions of domestic workers too.

You can read more about Saudi Arabia’s care policies here.

Jordan: Care Policy Evaluation 2022

Jordan is a upper-middle income Arab country that was notably the first nation in the Middle East to include domestic workers under the protections of her national labor laws. However with an overall GCPI score of 4.62/10.00 (Emerging), Jordanian legislation still has to improve upon its policies for family caregivers.

In Sub-Index A, Jordan’s score of 3.19/10.00 is on the lower end of the emerging band. While women are indeed entitled to fully paid maternity leave for 10 weeks, other important supporting legislation remains missing – such as a lack of flexible leave legislation and anti-discrimination legislation upon return to work.

In Sub-Index B, Jordan performs better with a score of 6.05 out of 10.00 – but the policy-practice gap remains clear. Although legislation exists to guarantee domestic workers rest, sick leave, and safe living conditions, enforcement is weak. Importantly, Jordan is a destination for migrant domestic laborers who are particularly vulnerable to exploitation.

You can read more about Jordan’s care policies in the Country and Technical reports here.

Saudi Arabia Country Profile

Saudi Arabia country and technical report. Report summary: Saudi Arabia’s limited maternity protections and lack of provisions for flexible working arrangements or dependent care leave contributed to a poor performance in Sub-Index A. While its primarily migrant domestic workforce continues to be saddled by the kafala system which invites abuse, recent domestic worker legislation contributed to a comparatively better performance in Sub-Index B.

Qatar Country Profile

Qatar country and technical report. Qatar’s limited legislation providing maternity protections and no provisions for paternal leave or dependent care leave contributed to a low score in Sub-Index A. It performed comparatively better in Sub-Index B due to recent reforms of its kafala system and new legislation to protect domestic workers. In all, Qatar scored a 4.53 (out of 10) in the GCPI, placing it in the Emerging band of the Index.

Jordan Country Profile

Jordan Country and Technical Report. Jordan’s Labor Law provides for maternity leave and some related benefits, but the country scored poorly for Sub-Index A due to the absence of provisions for paternity leave, dependent care leave and flexible work arrangements. Jordan’s domestic workers are covered under the country’s labor laws, but there are gaps in legal protections for migrant workers, particularly surrounding their hiring and employment, which meant a reduction in Jordan’s score for Sub-Index B. Jordan is rated as “Emerging,” with a total score of 4.62.