Pakistan Country Profile

Pakistan Country and Technical Report. Report summary: As a result of its lack of comprehensive national legislation for unpaid family caregivers or paid domestic workers, Pakistan scores poorly on the GCPI, with a score of 2.73. However, its largest province, Punjab, introduced a Domestic Workers Act in 2019, demonstrating that it is possible for Pakistan as a whole to offer more legal protections to domestic workers across the country.

Sri Lanka: Care Policy Evaluation 2022

Sri Lanka is a South Asian island nation off the coast of India. Relative to her neighbours in South Asia, Sri Lanka sports relatively higher levels of human development. However, Sri Lanka’s labor law is in need of several amendments in order to further protect family caregivers and domestic workers.

Alongside a minimum 12 week maternity leave provision, Sri Lanka also offers male workers in the state sector 3 days of paternity leave. While such provisions are commendable, they still fall short of the ILO recommended durations. Notably, Sri Lanka legislation also offers generous nursing support at the workplace. However, anti-discrimination legislation must be improved to prevent new mothers from being fired or demoted following their uptake of maternity leave. Further, Sri Lankan law fails to recognize that non-female individuals may act as family caregivers too. As such, Sri Lanka scores 3.73/10.00 in Sub-Index A.

Domestic workers are excluded from labor law in Sri Lanka as they are not commonly included in the definitions of “worker” used by the law. As such, Sri Lanka fails to mandate that domestic workers must be employed with contracts, and given safe and healthy working environments. Given numerous omissions in the protections for domestic workers, Sri Lanka scores 3.12/10.00 in Sub-Index B.

Overall, Sri Lanka scores 3.42 out of 10.00 in the GCPI, placing it in the “Emerging” Index band. A deep-dive into the complexity of Sri Lankan labor law with regard to family caregivers and domestic workers can be found here.

Bangladesh: Care Policy Evaluation 2022

The People’s Republic of Bangladesh is a South Asian country with a large and diverse labor force. With rudimentary legal provisions for family caregivers, and a failure to regulate domestic work at all, Bangladesh scores very poorly on the GCPI with a final score of 0.96/10.00.

Bangladesh offers 16 weeks of maternity leave to working women in the formal sector. Besides this however, Bangladeshi law does not offer legislative protections to other family caregivers. Owing to the lack of any paternity leave policies, dependent care policies, and flexible work arrangements, Bangladesh could only score 1.38 out of 10.00 in Sub-Index A.

Bangladeshi law considers domestic work to be informal sector labor, and as such fails to offer domestic workers any protections under traditional labor laws. However, rudimentary protections exist to combat forced and under-age labor, and domestic workers may still be eligible for social security benefits from the government. Overall, Bangladesh scores 0.55 for Sub-Index B.

Bangladesh’s final score of 0.96/10.00 positions the nation in the “Weak” protections band of the GCPI. Significant legislative reform is required to improve Bangladesh’s performance in the protection of family caregivers and domestic workers. You can read more about Bangladesh’s care policies in the country report here.

Sri Lanka Country Report

GCPI Sri Lanka Country and Technical Report. Sri Lanka’s limited recognition of non-female family caregivers, its lack of state funding of maternity benefits, and exclusion of domestic workers from its labor law coverage contributed to an overall poor score of 3.42. Nevertheless, Sri Lanka sports generous state healthcare services and nursing support for mothers alongside robust protections for forced and underage domestic workers.

Bangladesh Country Report

Bangladesh country and technical report. Bangladesh scored very poorly in the GCPI, with its overall score of 0.96 placing it in the ‘Weak’ band. A key reason for this poor performance is the extremely limited legal framework to protect caregivers. Domestic work is also considered informal employment in Bangladesh, and as such is not covered by labor laws. They consequently lack any legislation that guarantees their labor rights, or access to fair employment processes, or decent working and living conditions.